Phuket Thailand's best scuba diving (+66) 0806 961 461
What is the best way to treat a jellyfish sting?

What is the best way to treat a jellyfish sting?

What is the best way to treat a jellyfish sting?

Jelly fish sting are unfortunately part and parcel of diving and can ruin a days scuba diving. Luckily in most cases, self treatment is all that is needed and the effects will go away within 24-48 hours. In nearly all circumstances jellyfish stings are not life threatening and this is more so in Thailand.

Not all jellyfish are dangerous. Most people think that all gelatinous,swimming marine animal encountered at the sea are “jellyfish” and moreover that they all sting. But not all jellyfish are stinging; many are harmless to humans, but it is always best to avoid touching them.

However in Australian the Box Jellyfish (Cubozoans) and while not technically a jellyfish the Portuguese Man-of-War (Physalia spp.) are quite nasty. The Portuguese Man-of-War, is found Brazil, Mexico and the USA and sometimes around Australia, New Zealand and in parts of the Indian Ocean. Because of their propensity to cause systemic symptoms, Cubozoans and Physalia species are considered among the most dangerous cnidarians and will require hospital treatment.

What Happens When I am Stung

Writing for Scientific American Ciara Curtin explains the process of what occurs when we are stung by a jellyfish.

Jellyfish, those bulbous Medusa-like creatures, float near many of the world’s beaches. Some of the jellyfish’s skin cells are stinging cells, or cnidocytes. These specialized cells have organelles called nematocysts that contain venom. Cnidocytes are spread along the entire length of the jellyfish’s tentacles.

These tentacles can be so long that swimmers might not see the jellyfish that stings them, but they will certainly feel it. “The pain is instant,” says Joseph Burnett, a dermatologist at the University of Maryland Medical Center, who is part of the school’s Consortium of Jellyfish Stings, which tracks jellyfish injuries worldwide. Once stung, angry, red, whiplike lash marks mar the skin. The pain radiates from the sting site and starts to itch, burn and throb as it blisters. Scratching it, though, can make the pain worse, because rubbing activates the nematocysts, which release more venom.


The use of lightweight dive skins or wetsuits provides adequate mechanical protection against jellyfish stings. If diving in waters known to have stinging jelly fish then covering up is the best solution.

Jellyfish Aussie Divers Phuket

Jellyfish Aussie Divers Phuket

Does Urinating on jellyfish Stings really work?

For a long time there has been rumors that urinating on jellyfish sting can assist with the pain. Actually my old Italian grandmother believed that urine cured a lot including facial acne (I refused participate in trying that treatment).

Those a little skeptical will be relieved. Treating a jellyfish sting by urinating on it may actually cause someone even more pain, rather than relief. Urine can actually aggravate the jellyfish’s stingers into releasing more venom.

So what does work?

Here are DAN’s (Divers Alert Network) recommendations. The full list of recommendations are contained in this blog by DAN


Irrigate the area with generous amounts of household vinegar (4 to 6 percent acetic acid solution). This does not reverse the effects of venom or control pain, but may help to prevent further discharge of unfired nematocysts. If vinegar is not available then recommend washing the area with saltwater.


Rinsing with freshwater will have the opposite effect. If freshwater is used the nematocysts in the cells release more venom and cause more pain.


Visible tentacles or filaments should be carefully removed with the aid of fine tweezers or protective barriers. Gloves, dive skins, women’s stockings or other thin material can provide enough protection to prevent envenomation of rescuers during tentacle removal.

Once rinsing deactivates all the nasty nematocysts, the attached bits of tentacle can be removed by coating them with shaving cream or seawater and sand followed by shaving with a razor or even a credit card.

Symptomatic treatment

Treatment usually consists of painkillers, anti-inflammatory medications and topical anesthetics.

Jelly Fish Scuba Dive Aussie Divers Phuket Nina

Jelly Fish Scuba Dive Aussie Divers Phuket Nina


May help reduce pain. Immerse the affected area in hot water (113 °F / 45 °C) for 30 to 90 minutes (repeat as necessary). Local application of cold (if a hot water or hot pack are not available) can also provide pain reduction. Reports indicate that the application of heat may provide more effective pain relief than the use of cold, but cold packs should not be refused or avoided on this basis.

Test the water yourself prior to exposing it to the injured person. Envenomations may alter pain tolerance and in some cases may enable exposure to water hot enough to scald.

Steroids and Antihistamines

Use of topical steroids and antihistamines may be useful to reduce local swelling and possible allergic reactions.

Seek immediate professional medical attention in the case of severe systemic symptoms.

Should blistering occur, refrain from releasing the fluid or breaking the skin and simply allow them to heal naturally. Blisters may rupture, but this is not a cause for alarm, but does indicate a breech in the protective barrier of the skin and warrants keeping the area clean, dry and protected. Monitor for signs of infection until healed.

By Darren Gaspari

Proud owner and active PADI Gold Course Director of Aussie Divers Phuket, a professional and awarded PADI 5 Star Instructor Development Scuba Diving Centre. Member of the PADI Advisory Board for the eLearning modules 2019 and 2020.

Posted in Diving Health on .

A Diving Community In Phuket

Here at Aussie Divers Phuket we don't just consider ourselves a PADI dive shop, we think of it as more, a big diving family of like minded individuals coming together to enjoy the marine environment through diving in Phuket & Thailand. We are always happy to chat with new divers or old, so please drop by anytime to see what is going on and if you have dived with us or want to dive with us than feel free to like us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter, read our community Dive Blog and generally stay in touch & stay informed.

Free Pool Try Scuba Diver Aussie Divers Phuket Helpful Diving Info

Do I Need to Know How To Swim to Scuba Dive?

This is a question that I often get asked, and really it is not as simple as YES or NO. Here is some explanations and reasons why. If you want to become a certified scuba diver by doing the PADI Open Water Diver Course, the answer is yes. In the PADI Open Water Diver Course it is specified that you have to be able to swim continuously for 200 metres. This can be with any stroke however it does need to be continuous without stopping. There is alternate option and that is you do a 300 metre mask, fin and snorkel swim. Some do find this easier to the 200 swim. You also have to be able to tread water or float for at least 10 minut [...]

Read The Story
Diver Equalizing Ears Aussie Divers Phuket Helpful Diving Info

Importance of Equalising your Ears

Scuba diving is a relatively safe sport, as long as you follow the rules. However one of the most common injury's we see is ear problems after not improper technique or failure to equalise the ears. It is vital that you stop your decent/going down plus let your guide/instructor/buddy know if you have any equalisation issues whilst diving. Equalising your ears is of importance and you should know how to do it correctly. When we are scuba diving the term “equalising” means to equalise pressure between the inside of your ears and the underwater environment. Human ears have the natural ability to compensate external pressure from the s [...]

Read The Story
Moray Eel Racha Yai Scuba Diving Day Tip Phuket Aussie Divers Phuket Marine Life

When Scuba Diving in Phuket: What Will I See?

Here is a blog about some of the creature you will see when scuba diving in Phuket. Scuba Dive With Aussie Divers Phuket: contact us Whether you are learning to scuba dive with the PADI Discover Scuba Diving or the PADI Open Water Course or your are already certified and you are looking at doing a day trip or liveaboard adventure there are many amazing marine creatures to see under the water. Phi Phi probably has the most diverse range of marine life to see whilst scuba diving in the Phuket region. The diving especially around Bida Nok is world class and on any given day you could possible see some cool creatures. Creatu [...]

Read The Story